14th of December is celebrated as the national energy conservation day all over India since 1991. The Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), under the Ministry of Power, heads the celebrations every year. In the year 2001, the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) executed the Energy Conservation Act in India.
The objective behind the celebration of the National Energy Conservation Day is to drive mass awareness about the importance of energy efficiency and conservation.
What do we mean by energy conservation?
The actual meaning of energy conservation is to avoid unnecessary use of energy and to minimize energy consumption so that the various energy resources can be saved for future uses. The concept of energy conservation should be rooted in the behaviour of every human being.
Importance of Energy Conservation
Today Energy use is a major source of global warming, which has the potential of making the earth uninhabitable. Energy sources like Fossil fuels, Crude oil, Coal, natural gas etc. generate sufficient energy for the use in daily life but in the modern time, the technology prevailing world needs more and more energy day by day. This creates the fear of reducing or diminishing the natural resources, which are already on the brink of exhaustion. The only way in replacing the non-renewable energy sources is by promoting the use of renewable energy sources. The Efficient use of energy is necessary for storing energy for future use.
According to BP Statistical Review of World Energy, 2010, at the current reserve to production ratio, oil is expected to last around 45 years, gas around 65 years, coal around 200 years.
High energy consumption not only takes a toll on once pockets but also their well-being. The bright lights at our workplaces lead to the variety of problems including stress, headache, high blood pressure, fatigue and reduces work efficiency of workers. Whereas, natural daylighting does not have any glare hence it is more eye-pleasing and enhances the productivity level of workers with the benefit of reducing the energy consumption.
The government of various countries has come up with energy or carbon taxes to decrease the unnecessary wastage of energy. Petroleum Conservation Research Association (established in 1977) and Bureau of Energy Efficiency (established in 2001) are the two major initiatives by the Government of India for better energy efficiency and conservation.
Initiatives taken by Arya Group of Colleges:
Arya Group of Colleges situated at Jaipur, the Pink City of India has taken the various initiative to not only reduce the energy conservation but also reducing the waste generated at the campus.
Initiative 1: Solar Power Plant
To give it back to the environment, AGC installed a 500kW Solar Power Plant on the rooftop of its engineering and pharmacy colleges as well as on the various hostel buildings. The solar power plant is powering the whole Main Campus with the renewable solar energy.
Initiative 2: Bio-gas Plants
AGC is spread over 25 acres of lush green campus and provide residential facility to more than 1500 students at the campus. The significant biowaste generated at the campus including the dried leaves, grass, food waste from college canteen and mess areas are utilized in making Methane by the Bio-gas plants at the campus. The methane generated by this process is used in cooking and operating heaters at the campus. Thus reducing the use of LPG Gas Cylinders and electricity.
Initiative 3: Sewage Treatment Plant
Every day 1000’s of liters of wastewater containing paper, plastic bags, glass, wood etc. is generated at various offices, schools, colleges and residential facilities, which is then directed towards open dumping yards. This solid waste results in soil pollution and contamination of underground water.
Arya College does not follow this malpractice. We treat all the wastewater generated at the campus which includes the wastewater from the kitchen, canteen, and washrooms at our In-house Sewage Treatment Plant. After the treatment process, the wastewater can be easily discharged in the sewage lines. This process not only reduces the harmful solid waste released in the environment but also helps in reducing the load on the Municipal STP and prevent clogging of sewage lines.
Initiative 4: Motion Censored Lights
In any building both residential and commercial, one of the major reason of energy wastage is the continuous use of Lights in the corridors, classrooms, bathrooms, offices even when nobody utilizing the area. Also, we see that individuals leave the area/classroom/lab without turning off the lights. Washrooms being one of the busiest areas, it is not feasible to turn off the lights every time it is not being used.
To overcome this huge energy wastage, Arya College has installed Motion Censor in the classrooms, labs, and washrooms at all of its college buildings. In the absence of students/faculties in the classrooms or labs, the lights turn off automatically after 5 minutes. In the washroom whenever an individual enters, only when the lights turn on and it gets turned off after no motion is detected for 1 min. Thus resulting in energy consumption.
Initiative 5: Use of LED Lights
The traditional lights bulbs consume more energy than LED’s and CFL’s. To promote energy conservation Arya Main Campus has installed its own LED Bulb manufacturing unit at its campus and we have replaced all the normal bulbs with LED’s at all our college buildings, mess, canteen as well as the hostel rooms, thus cutting down cost as well as preventing the waste of energy.
How can you contribute?
Any individual can save energy by deeply taking care of small things such as turning off the unnecessarily running fans, lights, submersible, heater, car-pooling or limiting the daily usage of high energy consumption devices. These are the easier and efficient way to save the unnecessary use of energy thus playing an important role in saving the environment and our mother earth.
Significant Roles of Indian Citizens in Energy Conservation
Each and every citizen of India must be aware of how to use efficient energy, how to save energy for their own future safety and many more ways. Everyone should follow the rules, regulations and policies implemented by the Government of India in order to support the energy efficiency.